environmental impact coal mining south africa

Conflict implications of coal mining and environmental ...

Impact of coal mining on water quality of three artificial lakes in Morozini River Basin (Treviso, Santa Catarina State, Brazil). Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia, 23 (3), pp. 271–281. Munnik, V., G. Hochmann, M. Hlabane and S. Law 2010. The social and environmental consequences of coal mining in South Africa…

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impacts of coal mining in south africa

The Social and Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining in . South African coal export and Dutch coal import Coal is exported from South Africa through the Richards Bay Coal Terminal RBCT . The terminal was opened in April 1976 with an export capacity of 12 million tons of coal per year 12 Mt/a .

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Coal

Coal mining''s advent in South Africa can best be traced to the start of gold mining in the late 19 th century, particularly on the Witwatersrand, with the first coal in appreciable tonnages being extracted on the Highveld coal field close to the nascent Witwatersrand gold mines. However, demand began to grow, slowly at first but then ...

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Environmental Health Impacts of Platinum Mining

The main environmental impacts of platinum mining Solid waste – tailings dams and waste rock dumps 580 000 tons ore/ton Pt produced; Plus waste rock: 20% – 90% of ore (UGM) Water consumption: 273 to 544 m3/kg PGM (average about 400 m3/kg) Energy consumption (mine, concentrator and smelter): 168 to 256 GJ/ kg PGM CO 2e emissions: 40 to 50 t/kg PGM

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The threats to human rights from mining and coal-fired ...

 · in the overall land area in South Africa under food production.19 18. The impacts of mining on land use and biodiversity are long-lived. As a 2012 report states, "the social and environmental impact of mining activities on a region (e.g. air pollution, water pollution, crime, etc.) are often so severe that farming activities cannot be sustained

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Mining: Coal

 · It will also discuss the local beneficiation of coal, South African exports and infrastructural challenges. The emergence of clean coal technologies and the environmental impact of coal …

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EXCLUSIVE: The future of coal in South Africa literally ...

 · In any event, the rising costs of energy due to renewables would reduce general economic growth and negatively impact other commodities. South Africa''s coal reserves are estimated at around 53 billion tons and nominal sales from coal mining in South is an estimated R110.6 billion in 2016, an increase of 314% from 2003.

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Coal mining and the environment | Semantic Scholar

The environmental impacts of coal mining in South Africa are reviewed. The primary impacts arise from mining, particularly underground mining, largely because South African coal mines are relatively shallow. Coal washing gives rises to large waste dumps, which may ignite spontaneously and cause air pollution. Water pollution arises from some abandoned mines and waste dumps.

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Coal mining and the environment

 · The coal industry recognises that South Africa is a water scarce country and that water is a precious resource. The industry''s water management principles therefore centre around responsibly sourcing water, mitigating negative impacts on all stakeholders and meeting the socio-economic needs of host communities.

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Coal mining in South Africa also has a major impact on the ...

Coal mining in South Africa also has a major impact on the environment. Not only the mining, but the use of coal in power stations has negative impacts.

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Coal Pollution from Eskom in Emalahleni, Mpumalanga, South ...

 · In South Africa, 90% of the nation''s electricity is coal-powered. The country is also the seventh largest coal producer worldwide and is the ninth largest for carbon dioxide emissions per capita. Consequently, more than 2,200 people die every year in South Africa from the consequences of air pollution from coal-fired power plants.

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Water pollution from acid drainage due to coal mining in ...

In South Africa, and particularly in the province of Mpumalanga, large-scale coal mining operations also have an increasing negative impact on the country''s water quality and availability. A Both End report (2016) explains that communities in Mpumalanga province, where the coal mining business is flourishing, struggle daily to get access to ...

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How mine dumps in South Africa affect the health of ...

 · Mining is a major economic activity in many developing countries. In South Africa, mining of gold, coal and other natural resources has played a …

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Coal mining threatens people''s access to water in ...

Coal mining threatens . people''s access to water in Mpumalanga, South Africa. u. South Africa is one of the thirty driest countries in the world. This is due to its geographical location and low annual rainfall, however, large-scale mining . operations also have an increasing negative impact on the country''s water quality and availability.

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The heavy toll of coal mining in South Africa ...

 · But South Africa, which currently generates 90 percent of its electricity through coal, is already struggling with the devastating impacts of more than a century of excessive mining.

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Opposition to coal mining in Limpopo, South Africa is ...

CoAL submitted an incomplete Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Management Plan to the Department of Mineral Resources on 24 August 2011. The application by CoAL for mining rights at the Makhado site has now lapsed the extended 120 day period for the Minister to approve the submission. (This was 22 December 2011).

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Evaluating Impacts of Coal Mining in South African ...

Coal mining; Environmental degradation; Society 4.0; South Africa 1.0 Introduction The coal mining industry in South Africa generates more than 77 % of all primary energy needs of the country. It forms the basis of the energy sources for the electricity system of the country and so, its dependency index is …

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A Community Torn Apart by Coal Mining Taught Me ...

 · Environmental issues affect everyone, particularly those which have an impact on the climate crisis. It astounds me that the coal industry continues when we all know that coal is the worst fossil fuel for greenhouse gas emissions. People protest the Tendele Mine in Somkhele outside court in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa in 2017.

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The Social and Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining ...

Democracy, regulation, rule of lawAn aspect of the coal mining social impact that is hard to quantify, is the impact on South Africa''s young democracy, its capacity and willingness to regulate environmental and social impacts, and respect for the law.

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The Social and Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining ...

BHP Billiton Energy Coal South Africa Ltd (Ingwe Collieries Ltd) 23.99 26.96 Xstrata South Africa (Pty) Ltd 20.11 15.05 Optimum Coal Terminal (Pty) Ltd 8.68 Total Coal South Africa (Pty) Ltd 5.47 4.09 Mining (Pty) Ltd 4.81 3.60 South Dunes Coal Terminal Company (Pty) Ltd 3.80 Kangra Coal …

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Africa digs for coal to meet energy demands amid climate ...

 · Like South Africa — where around 90% of energy comes from coal — other African countries have embarked on mining this raw material. Botswana, Tanzania, and Mozambique are …

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(PDF) Coal mining and the environment

The impact of coal mining on the environment and community ...

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(PDF) Evaluating Impacts of Coal Mining in South African ...

This study, therefore, evaluates the impacts of coal mining in South Africa relative to achieving society 4.0 in the country. Mpumalanga province was used as a case study as mining activities are ...

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Coal of Africa Limited

 · CoAL is committed to developing and managing collieries and projects responsibly. The company actively works at complying with social and environmental legislation and engages with stakeholders transparently and regularly. While CoAL recognises the environmental impact mining has, it is mitigated through responsible actions.

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12 Environmental Effects of Coal Mining

One of the most obvious (albeit perhaps least harmful) environmental effects of coal mining is noise pollution. Coal mining is a loud, day- and night-long process that disrupts the lives of those in the surrounding communities, reduces the quality of life and can go on for decades. #11 Loss Of Wildlife. Coal mining requires a large expanse of ...

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UN Spotlight on Killing of South African Environmental ...

 · South African environmental justice groups have urged ... some activists confirmed they were afraid to speak out about the impact of mining in their ... South Africa''s coal industry has depleted ...

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South African government disregards impacts of coal mining

Government still disregards environmental and health impacts of coal mining. Media statement by the Bench Marks Foundation. 24 August 2015. Despite very strong opposition to Coal of Africa''s (CoAL) Vele and Makhado mines in South Africa''s Limpopo Province from community members and NGOs, the Department of Mineral Resources seems set to allow these mines to operate, according to a report ...

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COAL MINING AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES IN …

South Africa are more dependent on their natural resources for economic and social needs. Olifants River Mapumalanga and Hasdeo River in Chhattisgarh are much polluted due to coal mining. So environmental challenge in coal mining region is very rigorous so …

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Empty promises of clean coal in South Africa

2  · The report is the latest piece of research that supports the view that new coal generation in South Africa will be unnecessary, costly and highly detrimental to the environment.

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MANAGING ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE FOR THE …

decision making which might have an impact on the environment. Mining companies operating within the South African environmental sphere have an obligation to adhere to the legal obligations, norms, standards, principles and guidelines as contained in South Africa''s multifaceted network of environmental legislation.

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University of Cape Town

The Impact of Coal Mining on the Environment and Community Quality of Life: A Case Study Investigation of the Impacts and Conflicts Associated with Coal Mining in the Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. by. Bonisile Nolwando Shongwe . A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Philosophy

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ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH IMPACTS OF MINING IN …

on the environment and human health in Africa have increased significantly during the last decade. However, these studies tended to be concentrated on the effects of mining and mineral processing at national levels and in specific mining districts without taking into account the overall impact …

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Management of Environmental Impacts from Coal Mining in ...

Management of Environmental Impacts from Coal Mining in the Upper Olifants River Catchment as a Function of Age and Scale PHILIP HOBBS, SUZAN H. H. OELOFSE & JEANETTE RASCHER CSIR Natural Resources & the Environment, Pretoria, South Africa ABSTRACT Effective water resource governance in a water scarce environment such as South

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